History

Maurya Empire

The region, comprising the present Faridabad district, seems to have been under the influence of the rulers of Delhi. With the extension of Maurya Empire it can be presumed that the region was held under effective Maurya control. Its break-up resulted in paving inroads for foreign invaders like the Bactrians, Greeks, Parthians, Scythians and Kushanas.

Harsha’s Empire

The region also formed a part of Harsha’s empire in the first half of the seventh century and then of the Gurjara-Partiharas. The Tomaras also held this region till Visaladeva Chahamana conquered Delhi about A. D. 1156. In the time of Akbar (A.D. 1556-1605), the area covered by the present Faridabad district was contained in Subah of Delhi and Agra.

Mughal Empire

During the flourishing times of the Mughal empire, the region was not in the limelight of history, but with its decay, mention of the old Gurgaon district (including the present Faridabad district) is again found in historical writings. During the period of Mughal Empire after the death of Aurangzeb, old Gurgaon district (including Faridabad district) was torn between several contending powers. The exploits of Balram Jat, popularly called Balu, came to prominence in the fifties of the 18th century. Balu was the son of a petty revenue collector of Faridabad. Supported by his family connection with Badan Singh, the Jat Raja of Bharatpur, he extended his power by seizing the neighbouring villages and ousting their lawful owners and the local magistrates. He killed Murtaza Khan, the local Mughal Governor Officer at Faridabad who had once imprisoned of the ascendancy of the Bharatpur Chiefs with the Mughal Court. In 1739, Muhammad Shah, the Emperor, gave the titles of Naib Bakshi and Rao to Balu. When after Muhammad Shah’s death in 1748, Balu expelled the imperial outpost at Shamspur. Safdar Jang, the Wazir of the new Mughal Emperor, Ahmed Shah, sent a force there which was boldly resisted by Balu. Thereupon, Safdar Jang himself marched against him. The Wazir had only reached Khizrabad when Balram in terror came and made his submission through the Maratha envoy. He was sent back to his home after a few days, on his promising to be the Wazir’s follower. He had built a mud fort in about 1740 and named it Ballabgarh and by taking the lease of the revenue collection of Palwal and Faridabad (which lay in the Nizam’s Jagir) soon made himself a district governor and noble (Rai) then began a civil war. Ahmed Shah dismissed Safdar Jang and appointed Intizam-ud-daulah as new Wazir. Safdar Jang revolted and decided to try his strength. The Emperor was supported by Intizam-ud-daulah and Mir Bakshi, Imad-ul-mulk. The Ruhelas led by Najib ud-daulah as well as the Marathas joined the Emperor. In his struggle against the Emperor, Safdar Jang won over Suraj mal and Balu to his side. The civil war lasted for a year and a quarter at Sikri, 5 kilometres south of Ballabgarh, and with his jat allies put up a stout resistance. However, after having been defeated, he fled to Avadh in November, 1753. Imad-ul-mulk then tried to gain possession of the lost areas from the jats. Imad’s chief agent, Aqibat Mahmud Khan, son of Murtaza Khan (who had been killed by Balu) opened the campaign of re-conquest of Faridabad side. Here the leading disturber of 8 law and order was Balu. When Aqibat came with 500 Badakshis and 2,000 Maratha troopers and demanded revenue of the district and tribute due to the Emperor, Balu offered flight.